A visa is the document giving a Ukrainian permission to be in the UK. There are different types of visas. Different visas give different permissions – some visas allow guests to work in the UK, some do not. The length of time the guest is allowed to be in the UK can also vary depending on the visa. Some visas require a sponsor and some do not. Some visa are free, some have a cost.
All Ukrainians wanting to come to the UK will need a visa of some kind.
More information about different visa types can be found on the UK Government website.
A sponsor is the person living in the UK who has sponsored the visa for the Ukrainian guest (if their visa requires a sponsor).
A guest will only ever have one sponsor.
A host is the person living in the UK who is allowing a guest on the Homes for Ukraine scheme to live in their property. Providing they pass suitable checks the host is eligible to receive the monthly ‘thankyou’ payment of £350 (rising to £500 if the guest has been in the UK for more than twelve months).
The difference between sponsors and hosts
In some cases the sponsor and host are the same person but this is not always true – it is possible for a guest to have multiple hosts – this typically arises when guests move to new accommodation.
For example, a guest may be sponsored to come to the UK by Mr A and the guest may live with Mr and Mrs A for a while. Then Mr and Mrs A may no longer be able to offer accommodation to the guest. A second couple, Mr and Mrs B, decide to offer accommodation to the guest. So the guest moves to new hosts Mr and Mrs B.
In this situation Mr and Mrs B are now the hosts for this guest but they are not the sponsor.
In certain situations Homes for Ukraine guests can go on to become Homes for Ukraine sponsors and hosts.